Pistachio

  

 

Pistachio

 

The pistachio tree was domesticated in Iran about three to four thousand years ago, and has been cultivated. Due to the relative resistance to dehydration of pistachios, and its low water requirement, as well as its capability to grow in alkaline and saline soils, it was welcomed by the gardeners from the old days, and 15% of the country's gardens were dedicated to this product.

Sarakhs and Sabzevar are the oldest cities of pistachio cultivation in Iran. The history of pistachio cultivation in Damghan and Qazvin was in the 7th century AH, and in the province of Kerman was in 12th century AH.  Pistachio cultivation in other parts of Iran has a history of 150 to 200 years.

The importance of pistachio in production; making new jobs; exportation value; nutritional value; and the environmental impact is significant, and that's why it was as the most important option for changing the pattern of cultivation by many gardeners in the recent years.

 

Ø Important Provinces for Production of Pistachio (Top Ten Provinces in Production, respectively)

1. Kerman (37%)

           2. Khorasan Razavi (20%)

           3. Yazd (16%)

            4. Fars (6%)

             5. Sothern Khorasan (5%)

             6. Semnan (4%)

            7. Markazi (4%)

            8. Sistan and Baluchestan

            9. Tehran

          10. Qom and Qazvin

Ø most important commercial pistachio cultivars:

Ahmad Aghaei

Akbari

Oohadi

Kalhouchi

 

Ø Pistachio situation in Iran according to statistics of the year 2017:

 The amount of pistachio production in Iran: 287 thousand tons

 The area under cultivation: 470 thousand hectares

 The yield: 775 kg / ha.

 

Export of pistachio from Iran in 2016:

In 2016, 130 thousand tons of pistachio was exported from Iran, which earns almost 1175 million dollars, and was ranked 1st in the world.  

The 2nd rank belongs to the US, with 1074 million dollars’ export of pistachio. According to FAO, Iran's pistachio export in 2016 was equivalent to 106 thousand tons which worth $ 686 million, according to these statistics, and thus ranked second in world. In table below you can find more detailed info about pistachio export from Iran in 2017 and 2018.

 

April-July 2018

April-July 2017

Export Values

 

24000 tons

18000 tons

Weight of the pistachio exported

 

220,000,000

198,000,000

Value of the pistachio exported (in US dollar)

 

 

The trend of pistachio production in Iran in the last decade (2008 till 2017):

Ten-year trend of cultivating area: In the past 10 years, the area of cultivation of pistachio in Iran has increased by 39%, and jumped from 338,000 hectares in 2008 to 470,000 hectares in 2017.

Trend of last ten years of pistachio production in Iran: Pistachio production has grown by 69% over the past 10 years, i.e. from 2008 till 2017. The production in 2008 was 165 thousand tons and in 2017 it was estimated to be about 287 thousand tons. 

 

Export trend (weight value) from 2009 till 2016:

 A review of the ten-year trend of Iranian pistachio exports shows that export of pistachio has increased from 106 thousand tons to about 131 thousand tons in 2016, i.e. an increase of about 23%. The highest level of export of pistachio happened in 2013, which was reported to be around 183 thousand tons.

The value of the country's pistachio exports in 2016 was $ 1175 million, which made the greatest non-oil exports, i.e. green gold, pistachio.

 

ü Those who are interested in investing in this section visit the following website:

 

ü http://corc.ir/Index.aspx?page_=form&lang=2&sub=0&tempname=MainEn&PageID=1629

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Date:
2018/10/24
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